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Common foreign classroom teaching mode and method.常见的国外

Author: Time:2018-01-23 16:34 Source:未知
In this paper:1、布卢姆掌握学习教学模式(美) 在所有学生都能学好的思想指导下,以集体教学为基础,辅之以经常及时的反馈,为学生提供个别化的帮助以及额外的学习时间,使大多数学生都能...

1. Blum grasps the teaching mode (beauty)
 
In all students can learn under the guidance of thought, on the basis of collective teaching, supplemented by a timely feedback, often provide students with individualized assistance and extra study time, make the most of the students can meet the requirements.
 
2. Skinner program teaching (beauty)
 
According to the student's goal, in promoting the learning of the learner, constantly strengthening, promoting learners towards the goal of learning.
 
3. The "developmental" teaching system of zankov (su)
 
Dominant idea: to achieve the students' ideal development level with the best teaching effect. Five "new teaching principles" are put forward.
 
(1) teaching with difficulty;
 
(2) high speed for teaching;
 
(3) theoretical knowledge plays a guiding role;
 
(4) to make students understand the learning process;
 
(5) make the whole class develop.
 
4. Gne information processing teaching mode (us)
 
Think of learning as the acquisition, processing and storage of information. This is the most emphasized point of modern cognitive psychology.
 
5. Problem teaching :(former Sue)
 
By setting up problems, analyzing and solving problems.
 
6. Freel teaching method :(English)
 
The teacher takes the initiative of acquiring knowledge in class and gives it to the students, so that they can arrange their study according to their own needs, possibility, willingness and interest.
 
7. The "example teaching" (DE) of wagen
 
Through the study of typical examples in the textbook, students can understand a teaching method with general regularity from individual to general.
 
8. Shatarov "outline signal" diagram teaching method. (Sue)
 
The "outline signal" can be concise and to the point, visualizing the knowledge that needs to be learned. Chart must be beneficial to exert the students' ability of lenovo and real memory ability, to exert the students' ability of lenovo and real memory ability, is good for students' logical thinking ability and generalization ability.
 
9. Williams' creative teaching mode (informed interactive teaching mode) (beauty)
 
Education should focus not only on the cultivation of cognitive ability but also on the development of love. Because educators believe that lack of emotional learning is not real learning.
 
10. Grossdl mode (staged self-directed mode)
 
The so-called "problem on education" is caused by the mismatch between teachers' teaching methods and students' self-directed level, says Mr Groot.
 
11. Lukas exploration-style teaching 8 (English)
 
Train students to think and analyze problems like scientists, so that they can learn scientific thinking and scientific experiments.
 
12. Taba "three steps and nine stages" teaching model (us)
 
Barbara against teachers imparting ready-made conclusion directly to the students, promote students through information processing to form their own conclusions, that is thinking skills can be taught through teaching, but it must be conducted by through specific teaching strategies, and to use these strategies to in a certain order, because the establishment of a kind of thinking skills and get tend to establish and other thinking skills for the premise.
 
13. The teaching method of amonnashvili (former Soviet)
 
There is a purpose to cultivate children's need for learning, which is to arouse students' thirst for knowledge, so that they have a deep interest in knowledge itself.
 
14. Rogers' unsupervised teaching '(promoting teaching method) (beauty)
 
To create a favorable atmosphere of student's study, the teacher fully trust students, understand students, respect students, so as to make students feel safe and confident throughout the learning process, fully show their potential. Towards self-realization, interpersonal relationship is the core and key of "promoting teaching method".
 
15. The individualized teaching model in the United States.
 
Refers to all teaching that ADAPTS and pays attention to the development of personality. Individualized teaching is an incentive for students to actively participate in the learning process, and cultivate students to learn and develop themselves according to their actual situation, so as to cope with the social environment in the future.
 
16. Keller's personalized teaching system
 
5 links :(1) to master as a guide; (2) students' self-determined learning speed; (3) teachers inspire students with a few lectures; (4) use instructional materials; (5) arrange student assistants.
 
American high school discussion.
 
Discussion is a kind of group conversation. Good discussion should be carried out randomly among students. It is a multi-directional information transmission, and the way of discussion is diverse.
 
18. Grouping teaching mode (popular in European and American countries)
 
The forms of grouping are diverse. In China, there are also some places to conduct experiments, such as Chinese can be divided into ABC group, A is the highest level.
 
1、布卢姆掌握学习教学模式(美)
    在所有学生都能学好的思想指导下,以集体教学为基础,辅之以经常及时的反馈,为学生提供个别化的帮助以及额外的学习时间,使大多数学生都能达到要求。
2、斯金纳程序教学(美)
    根据学生目标,在促进学习者学习时,不断地给予强化,促进学习者向着学习目标迈进。
3、赞可夫的“发展性”教学体系(苏)
    主导思想:以最好的教学效果来达到学生最理想的发展水平。提出了五条“新个教学原则”。
(1)高难度进行教学;
(2)高速度进行教学;
(3) 理论知识起指导作用;
(4)使学生理解学习过程;
(5)使全班学生都得到发展。
4、加涅信息加工教学模式(美)
    把学习看成信息的获取、加工和储存。这是近代认知心理学最强调的观点。
5、问题教学:(前苏)
    通过设置问题,分析、解决问题的方法教学。
6、弗雷尔教学法:(英)
    教师把课堂上获取知识的主动权,交给了学生,让他们按自己的需要,可能、意愿和兴趣,去安排自己的学习。
7、瓦根舍因的“范例教学”(德)
    通过教材中典型事例的研究,使学生从个别到一般,理解带普遍规律性的一种教学方法。
8、沙塔洛夫“纲要信号”图表教学法。(前苏)
    “纲要信号”能简明扼要,直观形象地把所需要学的知识表示出来。图表必须有利于发挥学生的联想能力和现实记忆能力,有利于发挥学生的联想能力和现实记忆能力,有利于学生的逻辑思维能力和概括能力。
9、威廉斯创造性教学模式(知情互动教学模式)(美)
    教育不仅要侧重认知能力的培养,还要兼顾情意的发展。因为教育者都认为缺乏感情的学习不是真正的学习。
10、格罗SSDL模式(阶段性自我指导模式)
    格罗认为:所谓“教育上的问题”的产生,是因为教师的教学方法与学生自我指导水平阶段不相契合所造成的。
11、路卡斯探索式教学八式(英)
    培养学生象科学家那样的思考问题、分析问题,使他们学会科学的思维方法和进行科学实验的本领。
12、塔巴“三步九阶段”教学模式(美)
    塔巴反对教师把现成的结论直接传授给学生,提倡学生通过自己处理信息来形成自己的结论,认为思维技能是能通过教学来进行传授的,但它必须通过特定的教学策略来进行,并且这些策略要按一定的顺序来使用,因为一种思维技巧的建立和获得往往要以另外一些思维技能的建立和获得为前提。
13、阿莫纳什维利的教学法(前苏)
    有目的培养儿童对学习的需要,即激起学生的求知欲,使他们对知识本身产生深厚的兴趣。
14、罗杰斯“非指导性教学”(促进教学法)(美)
    创造一种有利学生学习的气氛,教师充分信任学生,了解学生,尊重生学生,从而使学生在整个学习过程中都感到安全与自信,充分显露自己的潜能。朝向自我实现,人际关系是“促进教学法”的核心和关键。
15、美国的个别化教学模式
    指所有适应并注意个性发展的教学。个别化教学是激励学生主动积极地参与学习过程,培养学生按自己的实际情况自我学习,自我发展,以能应付未来的社会环境。
16、凯勒的个人化教学系统(美)
    分5个环节:(1)以掌握为指导;(2)学生自定学习速度;(3) 教师用少量的几次讲课来激励学生;(4)使用指导性教材;(5)安排学生助理。
17、美国中学的讨论法
    讨论是一种群体性交谈,良好的讨论应在学生中随意进行,是多向性的信息传递,讨论的方式是多种多样的。
18、分组教学模式(欧美国家流行)
    分组的形式是多种多样的。我国也有一些地方进行实验,如语文可分为ABC组,A为最高水平。


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