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Overview of China's overseas education development in 2015.2

Author: huihui Time:2018-01-23 14:09 Source:未知
In this paper:{C}2015中国国际教育展之际,由中国与全球化智库(CCG)研究编写、中国社科院社会科学文献出版社出版的国际人才蓝皮书《中国留学发展报告(2015)》发布,报告总结了中国2015年留学...

{C} 2015 China international education exhibition, by the Chinese and global think-tank (CCG) research and writing, Chinese academy of social sciences academic press, the international talent of blue book "study in China development report (2015), the report summarizes the present situation and characteristics on the development of China in 2015 to study abroad, study abroad destination diversification and economic exchanges with China active national attention, young study abroad increased, integrity problems faced by Chinese students and school crisis and other issues, and to reduce the deficit" study abroad ", study abroad in China's soft power, speed up the development of the students and development put forward some suggestion to study "dividend".
Middle-income countries have become the main source of study abroad.
The number of international students in the world continues to increase, and the number of students receiving advanced education is more obvious. The pattern of studying abroad and the country of origin has changed, and emerging countries have become popular destinations for study abroad. Middle-income countries have become the main source countries for studying abroad. According to the world bank, China, Thailand, Malaysia and other middle and high-income countries were among the fastest growing among students who went abroad for education from 2000 to 2012. In 2012, the number of students studying abroad in middle and high-income countries reached 1.42 million, an increase of 160.9 percent compared with 540,000 in 2000. The second is India, Indonesia and the Philippines, where the number of students studying abroad rose from 340, 000 in 2000 to 750,000 in 2012, with a growth rate of 120.6 percent. In contrast, high income OECD countries and non-oecd countries have relatively stable output, with annual growth rates of roughly 10 per cent.
The regional trend of international higher education is obvious.
In the process of internationalization of education, higher education regionalization has become a prominent feature. Worldwide, the two regions are already in the construction area of higher education space. The Erasmus Mundus project, the construction of the European Community's higher education district, has become a typical representative of this trend. In a climate of economic uncertainty in Europe, job-oriented projects such as internships are more likely to attract the attention of various student groups.
With the process of asean integration, higher education integration among asean countries is also more and more important. Asean countries are currently coordinating the following aspects: first, to build a unified education framework and achieve a basic and consistent curriculum system within the asean region; To assess and authorize certification of education institutions, including universities and colleges within asean, on regional certification issues; Third, improve education quality. Within the framework of asean, a systematic evaluation system is being set up to guarantee the quality of education integration.
"One Belt And One Road" and other countries that are active in China's economic exchanges are receiving more and more attention.
By far the most popular with the Chinese students study abroad destination country is still in english-speaking countries, but has active economic exchanges with China in the gradually be taken seriously, the future will be more attractive to Chinese students. With the promotion of the "One Belt And One Road" strategy, students from countries along the routes will also become the core scarce talents, which will also stimulate the spread of Chinese students to relevant countries. Key countries such as Singapore and Malaysia. The Singapore government and the Malaysian government's preferential measures for overseas students have obvious appeal to Chinese students. In addition, some non-english countries have introduced various measures to attract overseas students, which will also promote the further diversion of Chinese students from english-speaking countries.
Along with the advancement of "area" and the investment Banks, Chinese society is facing from the "introduction" to the transformation of "going out", in this transformation process, the international success of the transformation of talent will surely become one of the key elements. All the way "and" area, the investment Banks involved in the area for many enterprises in China, it is very strange region, no large professional talent reserves, it is difficult to promote good "area" strategy implementation.
Countries along the, therefore, to strengthen the study abroad and study abroad in China is in the construction of "area" as the important carrier of talent training and communication, and set up a "neighbourhood" all the way to study fund, increase investment in study in education, will develop a strategy of "area" all the way to implement the important fulcrum of international talent required.
The professional choice of Chinese students: the business department cooled and the international relations increased.
FAME (finance, accounting, management, economics) and STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) are most popular with international students. The main reason is that graduates of these majors have broad employment prospects and high salaries. In particular, business majors have been the first choice for most international students in the past ten years. But according to the blue book, international students' preference for business majors declined by nearly 9 percent compared with 2009, while others, such as STEM majors and international relations, rose. The reasons are mainly affected by the employment situation.
In recent years, the choice of business administration has obvious drop, proportion of students and professional boom rising STEM areas, with the main study abroad countries issued a series of preferential policies for STEM class students are inseparable, such as immigration policies, these policies have great influence to attract STEM class professional students.
The number of Chinese students returning to China has continued to increase. After three years, graduates from overseas graduate schools have a higher quality of employment than those of the same class.
The trend of returning students reflects a high degree of agreement on the global economic development. From 2008 to 2009, under the influence of the global financial crisis, the European and American countries increased difficulties of employment, and a large number of students returning from employment, returned students' growth rate more than 55% over the past two years, 57.50% peak in 2008. Similarly, due to the effects of the recession, the euro crisis and the European Union and parts of Europe and the United States because of the local employment problem to restrict students employment policy, 2012 Chinese students studying in European countries, there is massive returning tide, when the number of returned students growth peak again. In 2014, the number of overseas students returned to China reached 36.48 million, an increase of 130,000 over 2013 and a 3.20% increase. By 2014, the total number of students returning to China had reached 180.96 million, accounting for 51.4 percent of the total number of students studying abroad.
According to the data of the survey, the employment quality of the 2011 graduates is higher than that of the graduates in the same period. The average monthly income of the class of 2011 graduates is 1854 yuan higher than that of the domestic graduate students. In 2011, the employment satisfaction of graduates from overseas graduate school was higher than that of graduates and graduates of the same period. According to the comprehensive view, the overall competitiveness of graduate students in the field after three years is higher than that of graduates from the same period.
The trend of one-way flow of study in China and the United States is obvious, and it is suggested that we should step up efforts to study in China and break the policy to tap the international "talent dividend".
The number of Chinese students studying in the United States is still far higher than that of the United States, while the trend of one-way flow of study in China is clear. And on September 22, 2015, Chinese President xi jinping in Seattle in the United States to attend the friendly group, jointly organized by the local government and the United States on the welcome dinner delivered an important speech, pointed out that "the next three years, the two countries will exchange 50000 students to other countries to learn". It is suggested that China should intensify its efforts to study in China. Facing the surging tide of talent flow, studying in China will become a new highlight of education development in China. Coping with the talent flow trend, create an open environment, tolerance of people friendly society is to attract international talents "forms", fully tap the key to "talent dividend".
The phenomenon of China's underage study is increasing, which leads to the loss of excellent students in China's universities. It is suggested to promote the internationalization strategy of universities and encourage colleges to recruit students all over the world.
In 2015, the popularity of Chinese high school students studying abroad continued. The proportion of high school students choosing to study abroad to study in high school or college has increased significantly. In China, nearly one million people abandon the exam every year. All these have aggravated the source crisis of Chinese universities, and will also push China's higher education to promote internationalization level and openness.
In view of internationalization of Chinese universities, it is suggested to improve from the following two aspects:
First, relax restrictions and strengthen cooperation in running schools. Universities should be encouraged to set up more international exchange programs, and should release the relevant restrictions of foreign universities in China to retain some excellent students. At the same time, also should draw lessons from other countries in colleges and universities cooperation with China's top high school experience, greater China well-known colleges and universities cooperation with foreign outstanding high school, to cultivate excellent undergraduate international students in China ahead of time.
The second is to encourage universities to actively explore "go out" and recruit excellent students from all over the world. Chinese universities have made some explorations in "going out". Beijing language and culture university in Tokyo set up Beijing language and culture university Tokyo college, where students can obtain Beijing language and culture university's diplomas and diplomas after completing their studies. Tsinghua university, the university of Washington and Microsoft have jointly established the global innovation institute, which is the first entity campus and comprehensive education research institution established by Chinese universities in the United States. Tsinghua university and Beijing language and culture university have provided some reference and reference value for universities in China.
Chinese students are faced with a crisis of integrity and need to strengthen their legal awareness and knowledge.
With the growing number of Chinese students studying abroad, the problem of cheating and cheating is becoming more and more prominent. The specific cheating behavior is reflected in the various types of study abroad examinations, such as the SAT and toefl, and the application of essays in the admission materials and the falsification of the report card. For students and parents of students preparing to go overseas, the first thing to do their homework, such as active learning to study the rule of law of the country, to raise their consciousness of laws and regulations, reduce the probability of breaking the law, at the same time to ensure their rights are violated when can take legal weapon to protect themselves. Second, improve their own language skills and enhance their ability to integrate into local society and culture. Third, it is suggested that China should establish legal counsellors for foreign students in embassies abroad and provide basic legal advice and legal aid to Chinese overseas students and overseas Chinese. At the same time, the embassy can also be distributed through) the country "question and answer booklet basic law" and so on, for international students, overseas Chinese in local work or travel, domestic related enterprises to develop business. Fourthly, for small age, low self-control, mind is not yet ripe for foreign students, actively advocate overseas students guardian system, specify the local guardian for international students, strengthen risk prevention.
The demand for overseas study and entrepreneurship of education is obvious, and it is recommended to develop education in sino-foreign cooperative venture, so as to cultivate entrepreneurial international talents.
There is an obvious "bottom-up" innovation and entrepreneurship trend in China. In 2014, the number of new entrepreneurial enterprises in zhongguancun reached a new high, reaching 9,000, and the phenomenon of "21 years old" has emerged in the university. The demand for entrepreneurship education will grow rapidly with the increase of college students' entrepreneurial demand and policy encouragement. On the other hand, China has begun to attach importance to studying in China and attracting international talents. If you can build an international startup education environment, you will be more attractive to foreign excellent students. It is suggested that China should draw on the experience of developed countries, actively introduce international high-quality education resources, and set up an international enterprise education system.
In view of the development of sino-foreign cooperative venture education, cultivating entrepreneurial international talent, China and the global think-tank suggestion from the following three aspects: one is to encourage university and famous joint venture of the international education courses and programs. The second is to establish a sino-foreign joint venture university. Third, China and foreign countries jointly foster more entrepreneurial education teachers.
The number of legal overseas study institutions in China has decreased, and the intermediary market for overseas study has been scattered and lack of leading enterprises.
Along with the continuous progress of the reform and opening and the development of study in China market, the number of study abroad intermediary achieved rapid growth, China's study abroad intermediary agencies have been able to fully meet the needs of the study in development. With the improvement of regulations and institutions to strengthen self-discipline consciousness, Chinese to study abroad intermediary industry gradually perfect, but its in the regional distribution and service charges and meet the personalized requirements of increasingly, there are a lot of room to improve in aspects, mainly manifested in the following aspects: one is the study abroad intermediary area distribution, significant difference was found in eastern, central and western; Second, the number of legal institutions in China has declined. Third, the overseas study intermediary market dispersion, lack of leading enterprises.
Author: wang huiyao, director of the China and globalization think tank (CCG).

  在高等教育国际化的过程中,高等教育区域化已成为一个显著特点。世界范围内,两大区域已经在建设区域内的高等教育空间。欧共体的高等教育区的建设—Erasmus Mundus计划,已成为这一趋势的典型代表。在欧洲经济情况不乐观的大环境下,实习等以就业为导向的项目更容易引起各类学生群体的关注。

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