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In 2014, nearly 380,000 Chinese students came to China as th

Author: huihui Time:2018-01-23 16:37 Source:未知
In this paper:高等教育国际化浪潮日益高涨,中国高校每年能吸引多少来华留学生?377054。这个由教育部近日给出的数字,同比增长5.77%,占全球留学生份额的8%。而过去10年间,来华留学生总人数的...

With the increasing internationalization of education, how many foreign students can Chinese universities attract each year? 377054. The figures, given by the ministry of education, grew by 5.77 per cent year-on-year, accounting for 8 per cent of global students. In the past 10 years, the total number of foreign students in China has increased, and China has climbed to the third largest foreign student in the world.
For a long time, China's higher education has been "running" with the developed countries in Europe and the United States. What is the signal of the large number of students studying in China? What is the general trend, main source and direction of studying in China? How should Chinese universities respond?
China education online and study abroad in China have jointly issued the coming to China to study abroad investigation report "for 2014, according to the number of the students has two years in a row growth is slowing, the number of the students in the developed countries is reduced, stagnant growth or negative growth situation, developing countries will share increase, the students are facing new changes.
The number of Asian students coming to China.
TOP10 data source: tsinghua university education research institute, international comparative study on student satisfaction in China
The composition of foreign students in China.
Between 2005 and 2014, the number of Chinese students studying in China has been growing at a fast pace, with an average annual growth rate of 13.19%, according to the report. At the same time, the number of students studying in China has slowed down. Among them, the growth rate of 2013 and 2014 was 8.58% and 5.77% respectively, and the growth rate declined for two consecutive years.
From the perspective of origin, Asia is the continent with the largest number of students from all over the world. In 2014, 225,490 international students came to China to study, and over 1.7 million students came to China in the past 10 years. At the same time, the growth of Asian students in China has been declining for nearly two years, with the growth rate of 2.58% in 2014, the lowest level in 10 years. But the good news is that southeast Asian countries have sprung up to inject vitality into the study market in China.
The report also shows that students in different regions have different needs for studying abroad. Students in developed countries are more focused on language learning; Students in less developed countries are more likely to come to China for degree courses, such as medicine and engineering.
According to Chen zhiwen, editor-in-chief of education in China, the three signals of studying abroad in China are still worth watching: "one is the lack of growth in traditional areas, the South Korea hostage-going, the United States is declining; Second, the emergence of new powers, Thailand is the 3rd, Africa, Europe accelerated; Third, the economy is obviously the leading factor in studying abroad.
"Many people believe that the focus of study in China is to influence the developed countries, and even the enrollment of students in schools is only for American and European students. But from the data, the focus of study in China should return to Asia. Because 'neighbors' can't change, we're more likely to be affected by neighboring countries, not developed countries like the United States. According to Chen zhiwen, studying in China urgently needs accurate positioning.
In 2014, the number of Pakistani students in China was 13,360, an increase of 7.1 times over 2005. Kazakhstan to 11764 the number of foreign students, increased by 15.1 times, largest span in the coming to China to study abroad students powers, "it can be seen that along the countries' One Belt And One Road huge contribution in the study abroad market in China, colleges and universities is an urgent need to think, how to use education to serve the national strategy, and how to make use of this national strategy, promote the development of education itself."
The market is huge, but Chinese universities are still "fishing with carrots"
How should we view the significance of studying in China when many Chinese "vote with their feet" and focus on the background of studying abroad?
"Our country has proposed a new goal of reaching 500,000 students by 2020. Beijing has issued the Beijing action plan for studying abroad, which aims to attract 150,000 international students by 2020. Shanghai has raised the goal of 80,000 international students. According to hong chengwen, a professor at the education institute of Beijing normal university, "the topic of studying in China is not overemphasized."
In addition, in the interview, experts have pointed out that the prime minister li keqiang, in this year's "government work report" referred to "cultivate new economic growth point", specifically mentioned "education consumption", and the vast space is coming to China to study abroad can leverage powerful lever for education spending.
But Chen pointed out that despite the significance and the huge market, the performance of Chinese universities in China is still poor and even lagging behind. "A lot of colleges and universities to attract foreign students with their own preferences, way, there is no real stand in the perspective of foreign students to do the work, the rabbit 'fishing with a carrot' mistakes." Chih-wen Chen said that in reality there are many such extreme example, "such as foreign students to apply for Chinese school never receive any rejection letters, many schools to recruit website in Chinese, and even many enrolled form asked the students to fill out a form in Chinese, a word of English above all have no."
Coming to China to study in a web application platforms based on samples of 6000 students, according to data of nearly 90% of study for a degree course students choose the professional English teaching, May 2014 courses in English teaching of Chinese universities accounted for only 15% of the total recruitment of students colleges and universities. On the construction of college English recruitment website, the survey of 100 colleges and universities shows that 93% of college websites open for more than 10 seconds. 86 percent of websites have errors; 34 schools, students cannot find English recruitment website.
"The teaching language based on Chinese is the main reason for the improvement of the overseas students' scale, and the living service has a distance from the requirements of students coming to China." Hong wrote that teaching and service are still two short boards that affect the education study in China. In addition, the main body of the scholarship to study in China is still very monotonous, the government will sing a monologe, and the private or enterprise funds are seldom involved in the business of studying abroad. If the policy is in place and private funds are involved, the scale of scholarships will increase, and education in China will also encounter a new period of rapid development.
"The quality of teaching is still the main reason why students apply for school choice in China." Chih-wen Chen has stressed that although the school had obvious advances in recruitment of students and teaching in China, but most of the university services and products still cannot meet the demand of students, "top 50 Chinese universities applications accounted for nearly 80% of total applications, ordinary university admissions."
Providing high-quality education products is key.
In the face of the globalization of education, how should Chinese universities respond?
"With the declining enrollment of the college entrance examination, the survival of Chinese universities is facing a serious challenge. But studying in China can be an important source of growth. An international student earns two to three times as much as domestic students. Chih-wen Chen thinks, should be in the context of students falling to examine the meaning of coming to China to study abroad, "to attract more foreign students, is the need of the development of universities, also is the inevitable choice of colleges and universities to improve quality."
He stressed that would move to China to study the market, the domestic colleges and universities should construction as soon as possible in English as the language of professor of curriculum system, set up mixed schooling degree courses for students in the developed countries, and change the backward present situation of informatization construction.
"At the present stage, the quality of overseas study products is improving gradually, but it is still a long way from providing high-quality education products." Hong chengwen, points out that from the perspective of higher education system flexibility, can accept transfer credits can free conversion, college students abroad, domestic credit and the credit is still a lot of restricting factors such as being able to get through using.
But he still advocate the university should get rid of us and European difficulties "to run", "third pole" of higher education in the world, "the direction of Chinese colleges and universities, there are at least three points: one is to improve the teachers teaching Chinese as a foreign language level and the level of foreign language teaching in English; Second, strengthen the training and training of local teachers; The third is to improve the rigid teaching management system of colleges and universities, optimize the administrative service of colleges and universities, and reduce the excessive administrative burden and effective time consumption caused by the administration. University teachers can't busy education teaching the key point, professional level and language level can't improve quickly, studying education development in China will be restricted, the world higher education center to Asia transfer speed will slow down, need time will be longer."


  影响学生申请来华学习择校因素TOP10 数据来源:清华大学教育研究院《来华留学生就读满意度国际比较研究》

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